Home Peritoneal Dialysis and Home Haemodialysis

Home Peritoneal Dialysis and Home Haemodialysis

Peritoneal dialysis is a portable dialysis unlike haemodialysis and can be done at home as well. Peritoneal dialysis works similar to haemodialysis in cleaning the waste, toxins and excess fluid from the body and filtering the blood which kidneys fail to do. Yashoda Hospitals offer the facility of continuing its services in assisting patients beyond its premises.

How is peritoneal dialysis done?
The process of peritoneal dialysis is similar to haemodialysis but it does not use external machine to filter the blood as done in haemodialysis. In case of peritoneal dialysis, the internal lining of abdomen is used as a make shift filter instead of a machine. The lining of the abdomen is a cavity which is present in the lower abdomen called Peritoneum. The expert will attach the dialysis fluid through catheter into the cavity. It is usually done in severe cases for several times a day.

How long will a patient need peritoneal dialysis?
In case of kidney failure, a patient needs to remain under this treatment until a donor is found.

How is Peritoneal Dialysis conducted?
The advantage of peritoneal dialysis is that it can be done at home. During this procedure, the dialysis fluids are attached to the catheter which is then attached to the peritoneum. The catheter is permanently attached through a small surgery which is done under local anaesthesia. A patient can also learn to do this on his/her own or a family member is trained to do it for the patient. For that, a patient is required to stay at hospital for 7-10 days in order to learn the procedure thoroughly. However, Yashoda hospitals insist on having an expert around while you do dialysis in order to avoid any complications. Home services are also available.

How long will take for the procedure?
The procedure takes 30-45 minutes. Once the waste is collected in the bag it can be thrown away or flushed down the drain.

What are the complications a patient can face?
Though it is a safe procedure but an open cavity can lead to serious complications if not taken care of like infection or any damage to the catheter.

What diet do I have to follow?
While on dialysis, a patient has to be very strict with his/her diet. Any food item containing potassium has to be taken in limited quantity. Phosphate rich foods like cheese, liver or nuts are also to be taken in limited quantity. Intake of salt has to strictly monitor. However, the patient will be asked to include high-fibre food in the diet.

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